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Архив автора: mongoloved

[книги] Боо и Бон: Древние шаманские традиции Сибири и Тибета в их отношении к учениям центральноазиатского будды

Дмитрий Ермаков. Боо и Бон: Древние шаманские традиции Сибири и Тибета в их отношении к учениям центральноазиатского будды. Книга 1. Издательство «Пальмира», 2020.
Издательская аннотация:
«Книга современного исследователя тибетского бона Дмитрия Ермакова, в которой рассказывается о древних шаманских традициях Сибири и Тибета — бурятском боо мургэла и тибетском боне — в их отношении к учениям центральноазиатского будды. Она может быть одинаково полезной как для ученых, так и для практикующих бон, тибетский буддизм и шаманизм».

Conference for students and young scholars: Mongolia in Northeast Asia: Historical Ties and Modern Challenges

Lomonosov Moscow State University Institute of Asian and African Studies invite to participate in the conference for students and young scholars “Mongolia in Northeast Asia: Historical Ties and Modern Challenges” which will be held on February 18-19, 2021.

Throughout history, the Mongols played an important role in the socio-political, economic and cultural processes in Asia. Modern Mongolia positions itself as an active participant in international affairs. According to the topic of the conference we would like to focus on the processes of interaction and mutual influence. Based on an interdisciplinary approach, we propose to combine the efforts of young scholars from related research areas and consider the region in all its complexity and diversity.

The chronology of the conference covers both historical and contemporary issues. Students and young scholars specializing in history, languages, literature, religion, folklore, ethnology, politics and economics of Mongolia and neighboring countries are invited to participate.

The main subjects of the conference:

  •  100th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Russia and Mongolia (November 5, 1921);
  •  Mongolian-Russian and Mongolian-Chinese relations;
  •  Mongolia-Korean and Mongolian-Japanese relations;
  •  Religious (Buddhist, Christian) networks in the region;
  •  Historical ties between Mongolia, Tibet and Russia;
  •  Linguistic, literary and folklore parallels and influences;
  •  Source studies of the countries of Northeast Asia region;
  •  Interregional cooperation and the role of international organizations;
  •  Mongolian nations and diasporas;

Within the framework of the conference, it is planned to conduct lectures, master classes and a roundtable discussion.

To participate in the conference:

Please send an application, the title of the report and abstracts (up to 500 words) by January 18,

2021 on this e-mail address: mongolia.conference2021@mail.ru.

The organizing committee has a right to reject materials that do not correspond to the specified

topic or were sent after the specified period.

Working languages: Russian and English.

Financial conditions: Participation in the conference is free. Payment for travel is carried out at
the expense of the conference participants. If the conference is held in person, accommodation in
the dormitory of the Moscow State University is possible.
Time limit for the main speech — up to 10 minutes, in the debate — 5 minutes. If you need
technical support, please indicate this in the application. Abstracts and materials of the
conference will be published.
Venue: Lomonosov Moscow State University Institute of Asian and African Studies (Moscow,
Mokhovaya st., 11/1).
Depending on the epidemiological situation, it is possible to hold a conference on the Zoom
platform.

[video] The Khitans: Corner Stone of the Mongol Empire

[books] Building a Religious Empire

Building a Religious Empire

Brenton Sullivan. Building a Religious Empire. Tibetan Buddhism, Bureaucracy, and the Rise of the Gelukpa

The vast majority of monasteries in Tibet and nearly all of the monasteries in Mongolia belong to the Geluk school of Tibetan Buddhism, best known through its symbolic head, the Dalai Lama. Historically, these monasteries were some of the largest in the world, and even today some Geluk monasteries house thousands of monks, both in Tibet and in exile in India. In Building a Religious Empire, Brenton Sullivan examines the school’s expansion and consolidation of power along the frontier with China and Mongolia from the mid-seventeenth through the mid-eighteenth centuries to chart how its rise to dominance took shape.
In contrast to the practice in other schools of Tibetan Buddhism, Geluk lamas devoted an extraordinary amount of effort to establishing the institutional frameworks within which everyday aspects of monastic life, such as philosophizing, meditating, or conducting rituals, took place. In doing so, the lamas drew on administrative techniques usually associated with state-making—standardization, record-keeping, the conscription of young males, and the concentration of manpower in central cores, among others—thereby earning the moniker «lama official,» or «Buddhist bureaucrat.»

The deployment of these bureaucratic techniques to extend the Geluk «liberating umbrella» over increasing numbers of lands and peoples leads Sullivan to describe the result of this Geluk project as a «religious empire.» The Geluk lamas’ privileging of the monastic institution, Sullivan argues, fostered a common religious identity that insulated it from factionalism and provided legitimacy to the Geluk project of conversion, conquest, and expansion. Ultimately, this system succeeded in establishing a relatively uniform and resilient network of thousands of monasteries stretching from Nepal to Lake Baikal, from Beijing to the Caspian Sea.»

[Конференции] 16th IATS Seminar 2022

16th IATS Seminar. Prague, Czech Republic, July 3–10, 2022

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[book] A Monastery on the Move

A Monastery on the Move: Art and Politics in Later Buddhist Mongolia

Uranchimeg Tsultemin. A Monastery on the Move: Art and Politics in Later Buddhist Mongolia.

«In 1639, while the Géluk School of the Fifth Dalai Lama and Qing emperors vied for supreme authority in Inner Asia, Zanabazar (1635–1723), a young descendent of Chinggis Khaan, was proclaimed the new Jebtsundampa ruler of the Khalkha Mongols. Over the next three centuries, the ger (yurt) erected to commemorate this event would become the mobile monastery Ikh Khüree, the political seat of the Jebtsundampas and a major center of Mongolian Buddhism. When the monastery and its surrounding structures were destroyed in the 1930s, they were rebuilt and renamed Ulaanbaatar, the modern-day capital of Mongolia.

Based on little-known works of Mongolian Buddhist art and architecture, A Monastery on the Move presents the intricate and colorful history of Ikh Khüree and of Zanabazar, himself an eminent artist. Author Uranchimeg Tsultemin makes the case for a multifaceted understanding of Mongol agency during the Géluk’s political ascendancy and the Qing appropriation of the Mongol concept of dual rulership (shashin tör) as the nominal “Buddhist Government.” In rich conversation with heretofore unpublished textual, archeological, and archival sources (including ritualized oral histories), Uranchimeg argues that the Qing emperors’ “Buddhist Government” was distinctly different from the Mongol vision of sovereignty, which held Zanabazar and his succeeding Jebtsundampa reincarnates to be Mongolia’s rightful rulers. This vision culminated in their independence from the Qing and the establishment of the Jebtsundampa’s theocractic government in 1911.

A groundbreaking work, A Monastery on the Move provides a fascinating, in-depth analysis and interpretation of Mongolian Buddhist art and its role in shaping borders and shifting powers in Inner Asia.»

[books] Mobility and Displacement

Mobility and Displacement : Nomadism, Identity and Postcolonial Narratives in Mongolia book cover
Cover

Orhon Myadar. Mobility and Displacement. Nomadism, Identity and Postcolonial Narratives in Mongolia.

«This book explores and contests both outsiders’ projections of Mongolia and the self-objectifying tropes Mongolians routinely deploy to represent their own country as a land of nomads.

It speaks to the experiences of many societies and cultures that are routinely treated as exotic, romantic, primitive or otherwise different and Other in Euro-American imaginaries, and how these imaginaries are also internally produced by those societies themselves. The assumption that Mongolia is a nomadic nation is largely predicated upon Mongolia’s environmental and climatic conditions, which are understood to make Mongolia suitable for little else than pastoral nomadism. But to the contrary, the majority of Mongolians have been settled in and around cities and small population centers. Even Mongolians who are herders have long been unable to move freely in a smooth space, as dictated by the needs of their herds, and as they would as free-roaming «nomads.» Instead, they have been subjected to various constraints across time that have significantly limited their movement. The book weaves threads from disparate branches of Mongolian studies to expose various visible and invisible constraints on population mobility in Mongolia from the Qing period to the post-socialist era.  

With its in-depth analysis of the complexities of the relationship between land rights, mobility, displacement, and the state, the book makes a valuable contribution to the fields of cultural geography, political geography, heritage and culture studies, as well as Eurasian and Inner-Asian Studies.»

[Book] Politics and Literature in Mongolia (1921-1948)

Politics and Literature in Mongolia (1921-1948)Simon Wickhamsmith. Politics and Literature in Mongolia (1921-1948).
«Politics and Literature in Mongolia (1921-1948) investigates the relationship between literature and politics during Mongolia’s early revolutionary period. Between the 1921 socialist revolution and the first Writers’ Congress held in April 1948, the literary community constituted a key resource in the formation and implementation of policy. At the same time, debates within the party, discontent among the population, and questions of religion and tradition led to personal and ideological conflict among the intelligentsia and, in many cases, to trials and executions. Using primary texts, many of them translated into English for the first time, Simon Wickhamsmith shows the role played by the literary arts — poetry, fiction and drama — in the complex development of the ‘new society’, helping to bring Mongolia’s nomadic herding population into the utopia of equality, industrial progress and social well-being promised by the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party.»

Mongolian Buddhism in the Modern World

[Конференция] Культурное наследие монголов: рукописные и архивные собрания

19-21 апреля 2021 года состоится пятая международная конференция «КУЛЬТУРНОЕ НАСЛЕДИЕ МОНГОЛОВ: РУКОПИСНЫЕ И АРХИВНЫЕ СОБРАНИЯ» при поддержке президента Монголии.

Организаторы:

  • Институт восточных рукописей РАН,
  • Институт истории и этнографии МАН,
  • Международная ассоциация монголоведов.

При участии: Центрального Национального архива Монголии,
Национальной библиотеки Монголии
Монгольского государственного университета
Института языка и литературы МАН
Государственного Эрмитажа РФ
Санкт-Петербургского государственного университета РФ

Место проведения: Институт восточных рукописей РАН
(Россия, Санкт-Петербург).

Цель конференции – продолжить обмен информацией и идеями по изучению уникальных рукописных и архивных памятников богатейшего духовного и культурного наследия монгольского народа, хранящегося в России, Монголии, Китае, Японии и странах Запада.

Главные задачи конференции – ввести в научных оборот не известные до настоящего времени письменные памятники культуры монгольских народов, показать возможности современных методов исследования и подходов к их изучению. Особое внимание уделяется проблемам историографии, источниковедения, методам исторического исследования и архивоведению.

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