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[books] Mobility and Displacement

Mobility and Displacement : Nomadism, Identity and Postcolonial Narratives in Mongolia book cover
Cover

Orhon Myadar. Mobility and Displacement. Nomadism, Identity and Postcolonial Narratives in Mongolia.

«This book explores and contests both outsiders’ projections of Mongolia and the self-objectifying tropes Mongolians routinely deploy to represent their own country as a land of nomads.

It speaks to the experiences of many societies and cultures that are routinely treated as exotic, romantic, primitive or otherwise different and Other in Euro-American imaginaries, and how these imaginaries are also internally produced by those societies themselves. The assumption that Mongolia is a nomadic nation is largely predicated upon Mongolia’s environmental and climatic conditions, which are understood to make Mongolia suitable for little else than pastoral nomadism. But to the contrary, the majority of Mongolians have been settled in and around cities and small population centers. Even Mongolians who are herders have long been unable to move freely in a smooth space, as dictated by the needs of their herds, and as they would as free-roaming «nomads.» Instead, they have been subjected to various constraints across time that have significantly limited their movement. The book weaves threads from disparate branches of Mongolian studies to expose various visible and invisible constraints on population mobility in Mongolia from the Qing period to the post-socialist era.  

With its in-depth analysis of the complexities of the relationship between land rights, mobility, displacement, and the state, the book makes a valuable contribution to the fields of cultural geography, political geography, heritage and culture studies, as well as Eurasian and Inner-Asian Studies.»

[Book] Politics and Literature in Mongolia (1921-1948)

Politics and Literature in Mongolia (1921-1948)Simon Wickhamsmith. Politics and Literature in Mongolia (1921-1948).
«Politics and Literature in Mongolia (1921-1948) investigates the relationship between literature and politics during Mongolia’s early revolutionary period. Between the 1921 socialist revolution and the first Writers’ Congress held in April 1948, the literary community constituted a key resource in the formation and implementation of policy. At the same time, debates within the party, discontent among the population, and questions of religion and tradition led to personal and ideological conflict among the intelligentsia and, in many cases, to trials and executions. Using primary texts, many of them translated into English for the first time, Simon Wickhamsmith shows the role played by the literary arts — poetry, fiction and drama — in the complex development of the ‘new society’, helping to bring Mongolia’s nomadic herding population into the utopia of equality, industrial progress and social well-being promised by the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party.»

[books] The Buddha’s Footprint

Johan Elverskog. The Buddha’s Footprint: An Environmental History of Asia.
buddhas_foot_«In the current popular imagination, Buddhism is often understood to be a religion intrinsically concerned with the environment. The Dharma, the name given to Buddhist teachings by Buddhists, states that all things are interconnected. Therefore, Buddhists are perceived as extending compassion beyond people and animals to include plants and the earth itself out of a concern for the total living environment. In The Buddha’s Footprint, Johan Elverskog contends that only by jettisoning this contemporary image of Buddhism as a purely ascetic and apolitical tradition of contemplation can we see the true nature of the Dharma. According to Elverskog, Buddhism is, in fact, an expansive religious and political system premised on generating wealth through the exploitation of natural resources.
Elverskog surveys the expansion of Buddhism across Asia in the period between 500 BCE and 1500 CE, when Buddhist institutions were built from Iran and Azerbaijan in the west, to Kazakhstan and Siberia in the north, Japan in the east, and Sri Lanka and Indonesia in the south. He examines the prosperity theology at the heart of the Dharma that declared riches to be a sign of good karma and the means by which spritiual status could be elevated through donations bequeathed to Buddhist institutions. He demonstrates how this scriptural tradition propelled Buddhists to seek wealth and power across Asia and to exploit both the people and the environment.

Elverskog shows the ways in which Buddhist expansion not only entailed the displacement of local gods and myths with those of the Dharma—as was the case with Christianity and Islam—but also involved fundamentally transforming earlier social and political structures and networks of economic exchange. The Buddha’s Footprint argues that the institutionalization of the Dharma was intimately connected to agricultural expansion, resource extraction, deforestation, urbanization, and the monumentalization of Buddhism itself.»

[публикации] Gold Mining, Shamanism, татары, Цеденбал

  • Dulam Bumochir. The State, Popular Mobilisation and Gold Mining in Mongolia. Shaping ‘Neoliberal’ Policies. (download pdf)
  • Judith Hangartner. Margins of Power. The constitution and contestation of Darhad shamans’ power in contemporary Mongolia. Dissertation. (download pdf)
  • Тишин В.В., Нанзатов Б.З. Татары Внутренней Азии VIII–XII вв.: некоторые вопросы исторической географии. (загрузить pdf)

Из старого:

  • Mongolians after Socialism: Politics, Economy, Religion (download pdf).
  • Morten Axel Pedersen. Spirits in Transition. Shamanic Souls and Political Bodies in Northern Mongolia after State Socialism (download pdf)
  • Надиров Ш.Г. Цеденбал. 1984 год. (загрузить pdf)

[books] In the service of the 13th and 14th Dalai Lama

kashopaJamyang Choegyal Kasho. In the service of the 13th and 14th Dalai Lama: Choegyal Nyima Lhundrup Kashopa — Untold stories of Tibet.
There is probably no personality in modern (pre ’59) Tibetan politics more colourful or controversial than Kashopa Choegyal Nyima. Most major histories of modern Tibet mention him, some like Shakabpa favourably, others like Goldstein in less flattering terms.
In spite of his lengthy and contentious political career Kashopa has, unfortunately, not received more in-depth attention from historians and scholars, which is a pity as he was quite deeply involved in some of the most consequential events of modern Tibetan history: the Lungshar conspiracy, the imprisonment of Gedun Choephel, the Sera War and more. One scholar has gone so far as to note that «Kashopa’s presence is felt in every aspect of Tibet’s recent history».
Kashopa’s son, Jamyang Choegyal, has now come out with a very personal and engaging biography of his famous father, which will definitely contribute to our understanding of that fascinating period in Tibetan history. For the general reader there is much to enjoy in this absorbing story of a politician’s life in old Lhasa, with all its rewards and pitfalls.
(Jamyang Norbu — Exile writer and essayist, and author of The Mandala of Sherlock Holmes, Warriors of Tibet and Shadow Tibet)

[Книги] Внутренняя Монголия под властью Мао Цзэдуна

tragedy_steppeЦогту, О. (Акира Оно). Трагедия степи: Внутренняя Монголия под властью Мао Цзэдуна. Свидетельства очевидцев / О. Цогту = Акира Оно; перевод на рус. С. Л. Кузьмин; отв. редакторы: С. Л. Кузьмин, С. В. Дмитриев. — Санкт-Петербург, ИП А.А. Терентьев, 2020. — 334 с.

«Уникальное собрание свидетельств очевидцев событий, практически неизвестных в России. Эти свидетельства показывают масштабные репрессии Коммунистической партии Китая во главе с Мао Цзэдуном против монголов по классовому и национальному признакам, достигшие пика в период организованной Мао Культурной революции».

Купить электронную книгу.

[КНИГИ] The Anti-Social Contract, Political History of Mongolia, The Mongols and the Armenians


hoerLars Højer. The Anti-Social Contract. Injurious Talk and Dangerous Exchanges in Northern Mongolia.
«Set in a remote district of villagers and nomadic pastoralists in the northernmost part of Mongolia, this book introduces a local world where social relationships are cast in witchcraft-like idioms of mistrust and suspicion. While the apparent social breakdown that followed the collapse of state socialism in Mongolia often implied a chaotic lack of social cohesion, this ethnography reveals an everyday universe where uncertain relations are as much internally cultivated in indigenous Mongolian perceptions of social relatedness, as they are externally confronted in postsocialist surroundings of unemployment and diminished social security.»
Introduction (.pdf)

dillonMichael Dillon. Mongolia. A Political History of the Land and its People.
Introduction
1. Mongolia and the Mongols: Land, People and Traditions
2. Mongolia’s 20th Century Revolutions: Religion and Resistance and the Living Buddha of Urga
3. Sukhbaatar and Choibalsan in the Mongolian Revolution
4. Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party in Power – the ‘Socialist Period’ and the Choibalsan Dictatorship (1924-1952)
5. Tsedenbal (1952-84) and Batmünkh (1984-1990)
6. Urga and Ulaanbaatar: Two Tales of a City
7. Democratic Revolution: Mongolia and the Collapse of Soviet Power (1991- )
8. Disintegration and Recovery of Traditional Economy
9. Mongolia and the New East Asian Order
10. The Mongols and China — Inner Mongolia and Ulaanbaatar’s Relations with Beijing
11. Looking Back to the Future: Mongolia’s Search for Identity and the Contemporary Cult of Chinggis Khan

Bayarsaikhan Dashdondog. The Mongols and the Armenians (1220-1335). Open access.

 

[Книги] Urban Hunters

Lars Hojer, Morten Axel Pedersen. Urban Hunters. Dealing and Dreaming in Times of Transition.

urbanhuntersAn ethnography of the Mongolian capital city of Ulaanbaatar during the nation’s transition from socialism to a market-based economic system

Urban Hunters is an ethnography of the Mongolian capital city, Ulaanbaatar, during the nation’s transition from socialism to a market-based economic system. Following the Soviet Union’s collapse in 1991, Mongolia entered a period of economic chaos characterized by wild inflation, disappearing banks, and closing farms, factories, and schools. During this time of widespread poverty, a generation of young adults came of age. In exploring the social, cultural, and existential ramifications of a transition that has become permanent and acquired a logic of its own, Lars Højer and Morten Axel Pedersen present a new theorization of social agency in postsocialist as well as postcolonial contexts.

 

[книга] Монголия глазами монголоведа

гольманМ.И. Гольман. Монголия глазами монголоведа (60-70-е годы ХХ века).
Книга одного из ведущих российских монголоведов, д.и.н., главного научного сотрудника ИВ РАН. Она основана на воспоминаниях автора, его дневниковых записях и путевых заметках, которые он вел во время командировок в МНР в 1966 и 1971-1972 гг. В книге много интересной и полезной информации об устройстве, управлении и жизни многих аймаков и сомонов Монголии тех лет. Но подлинная ценность книги, на мой взгляд, в ее автобиографических деталях, раскрывающих то, как человек пришел к монголоведению, как тогда была организована подготовка монголоведов, как строилась научная работа и что собой представляли командировки в страну. Уникальность книге придают личные впечатления автора, его воспоминания о людях, событиях, застольях, неформальных и формальных встречах. Здесь многие известные любому монголоведу люди, оказываясь в неформальных ситуациях или благодаря каким-то малоизвестным штрихам их биографии, обретают человеческие черты — перед нам не просто известный ученый, но, например, человек со сложным характером или наоборот.
В частности вы узнаете:

  • об отношениях одного из авторов «Русско-монгольского словаря» Лувсандэндэва с его любовницей Цэцгээ;
  • о том, как и почему упал со стула детский писатель Б. Бааст;
  • кто из монголов приударил за Галиной Ивановной Слесарчук;
  • о том, где стоял единственный памятник Чингисхану в МНР в 1966 г.;
  • о том, как отличалась культура труда бурят и монголов;
  • о смешанных браках и китайцах-беженцах;
  • о единственной еврейской семье в Улан-Баторе и ее главе;
  • о монгольском проектировщике, интересовавшимся книгой Светланы Сталиной и расхаживавшем по гостинице нагишом;
  • о шаманах и ламах в МНР;
  • где была в Монголии «дорога американцев»;
  • и многое-многое другое.

На страницах книги вы встретите Ширэндыб гуая, Ц. Дамдинсурэна и его семью, Оуэна Латтимора, Ш. Биру, сотрудников сектора Кореи и Монголии ИВ РАН, сотрудников советского посольства и многих других.
Книга написана с присущей Марку Исааковичу добротой и любовью к Монголии, а также исключительным чувством юмора.

[книги]: буддизм, Тибет, випассана

morality

Morality and Monastic Revival in Post-Mao Tibet (Contemporary Buddhism) by Jane E. Caple (Author)
«Drawing on the recent “moral turn” in anthropology, this volume, the first full-length ethnographic study of the subject, explores the social and moral dimensions of monastic revival and reform across a range of Geluk monasteries in northeast Tibet (Amdo/Qinghai Province) from the 1980s on.»

 

 

methods

 

Methods in Buddhist Studies. Essays in Honor of Richard K. Payne.
«Methods in Buddhist Studies features new translations of Buddhist works as well as ethnographic studies on contemporary Buddhism in the United States and China. Topics discussed include Buddhist practices in relation to food, material culture, and imperial rituals; the development of modern Buddhist universities; the construction of the canon from the perspective of history, textual analysis, and ritual studies; and the ethical obligations of scholars toward the subject of Buddhism itself.»

mahasiSeeing the Sacred in Samsara. An Illustrated Guide to the Eighty-Four Mahāsiddhas By Donald S. Lopez Jr.

This exquisite full-color presentation of the lives of the eighty-four mahāsiddhas, or “great accomplished ones,” offers a fresh glimpse into the world of the famous tantric yogis of medieval India.

This book includes striking depictions of each of the mahāsiddhas by a master Tibetan painter, whose work has been preserved in pristine condition. Published here for the first time in its entirety, this collection includes details of the painting elements along with the life stories of the tantric saints, making this one of the most comprehensive works available on the eighty-four mahāsiddhas.

 

Inward. Vipassana Meditation and the Embodiment of the Self by Michal Pagis.

«Inward focuses on one increasingly popular channel for the introverted gaze: vipassana meditation, which has spread from Burma to more than forty countries and counting. Lacing her account with vivid anecdotes and personal stories, Pagis turns our attention not only to the practice of vipassana but to the communities that have sprung up around it. Inward is also a social history of the westward diffusion of Eastern religious practices spurred on by the lingering effects of the British colonial presence in India. At the same time Pagis asks knotty questions about what happens when we continually turn inward, as she investigates the complex relations between physical selves, emotional selves, and our larger social worlds. Her book sheds new light on evergreen topics such as globalization, social psychology, and the place of the human body in the enduring process of self-awareness.»