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Архив рубрики: Религии Монголии

Несторианские кресты эпохи Юань

dsc_7038-nestorian-crosses-1

«The bronze crosses – so called because of their overall cruciform shapes – measure between 3 cm and 8 cm in height and are symmetrical, featuring an outline in high relief and a loop on the back. Their flatness and loop suggest that they could have been pinned on the body as decorative ornaments or personal seals – the latter function further supported by the survival of red-coloured ink deposits in some of the designs, showing that the seals were used as chops to print unique designs on other surfaces, perhaps letters. Scholars also believe that the crosses could have been used as clan identification objects in Mongolian tribes, or symbols that differentiated between male and female clan members. Other theories suggest that the crosses could have been used superstitiously as magical chops to seal properties when owners were away.

… The crosses displayed in different categories also show different motifs and geometric patterns. One highly recognisable recurring motif is the swastika, a Buddhist symbol since the 1st century, which is often represented in the centre, forming hybrid symbols with the straight or rounded parts of the cross shapes. This use of the swastika in combination with the Christian motif of the cross was specific to the Nestorians in China. In other examples, bands that formally represent radiating beams connect the four arms of the cross, seemingly referencing the literary meaning of Jing Jiao in Chinese as ‘luminous religion’. Floral patterns, popular as motifs in Persian culture, are found in other crosses, while Chinese seal-like forms, including the popular form of the Chinese character gong (Text Box: ), recur on other designs, further showing the mix of cultural symbols incorporated into the designs of the artefacts. The animal-shaped motifs on some of the crosses stand out even more distinctly than the recognisable geometric patterns. Most of these motifs recall the shapes of birds – some single ones, others with two heads or pairs of intertwined wings and bodies. These birds are either spreading their wings, reinforcing the strict symmetry of the cruciform shapes, or showing no wings or feathers, confined in the centre of the crosses. While it might be tempting for viewers to think of the birds as white doves, symbolising the Holy Spirit in Christianity, there is no evidence that this iconography existed in Eastern Christianity and Nestorianism in China. Rather, the single bird motif could have been meant as an eagle, a religious symbol for Mongolians who worshipped the sky. The two-headed birds could also have been Buddhist symbols of fire and light, while the double birds with turning heads conform to a popular motif in Persian art at that time».

Source

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Монгольские ламы и верующие начала ХХ в. Цам 1939 г.

Монгольский шаман и ламы (видео)

Монгольские шаманы (фото)

guardian_shamansКрасивые фотографии монгольских шаманских ритуалов.

Tantric Buddhism and Mongol Law

With a very thought-provoking introduction: will it be useful to reintroduce the term «Lamaism»? Is Buddhism good for Mongolia? And other interesting questions.

Весь цвет тибетского буддизма

Holy_Lamas

1963 г., встреча ведущих наставников тибетского буддизма в резиденции Далай-ламы около Дхарамсалы.

Нижний ряд (слева направо): Кьябдже Дуджом Ринпоче, глава школы ньингма; 16-й Гьялва Кармапа, глава школы карма кагью; Кьябдже Сакья Тридзин, глава школы сакья; Тензин Гьяцо, 14-й Далай-лама; Йонг Дзин Линг Ринпоче — старший наставник Далай-ламы 14; Кьябдже Триджанг Ринпоче, младший наставник Далай-ламы 14;  Бакула Ринпоче, знаменитый тулку, принц Ладакха, сыгравший огромную роль в возрождении буддизма в Монголии.

Второй ряд: Чогье Тричен Ринпоче, Дилго Кхьенце Ринпоче, Друк Туктзе Ринпоче, Дагьяб Кьябгон Ринпоче и Серконг Ринпоче.

 

Далай-лама в Монголии (2016, пресса)

dalai

Далай-лама прибыл в Монголию. ФОТО

Не все буддийские монахи рады визиту Далай-ламы XIV

Программа визита Его Святейшество Далай-ламы в Монголии

Фоторепортаж: Встреча Далай-ламы с верующими в столице Монголии

Далай-лама совершает визит в Монголию, несмотря на протесты Китая

Далай-лама: «Между монголами и тибетцами издревле существовали братские связи». ВИДЕО

Паломники из Бурятии стремятся встретиться с Далай-ламой и получить благословение

Самые яркие моменты встречи с Далай ламой. Спорткомплекс “Буянт-Ухаа” 20 ноября 2016г. ФОТО

Далай-ламу в Монголии согревала вера людей – Тэло Тулку Ринпоче

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