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Архив рубрики: Библиография

[Book] Politics and Literature in Mongolia (1921-1948)

Politics and Literature in Mongolia (1921-1948)Simon Wickhamsmith. Politics and Literature in Mongolia (1921-1948).
«Politics and Literature in Mongolia (1921-1948) investigates the relationship between literature and politics during Mongolia’s early revolutionary period. Between the 1921 socialist revolution and the first Writers’ Congress held in April 1948, the literary community constituted a key resource in the formation and implementation of policy. At the same time, debates within the party, discontent among the population, and questions of religion and tradition led to personal and ideological conflict among the intelligentsia and, in many cases, to trials and executions. Using primary texts, many of them translated into English for the first time, Simon Wickhamsmith shows the role played by the literary arts — poetry, fiction and drama — in the complex development of the ‘new society’, helping to bring Mongolia’s nomadic herding population into the utopia of equality, industrial progress and social well-being promised by the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party.»

[book] Subjective Lives and Economic Transformations in Mongolia

Rebecca M. Empson. Subjective Lives and Economic Transformations in Mongolia. Life in the Gap.

Subjective Lives and Economic Transformations in Mongolia details this complex story through the intimate lives of five women. Building on long-term friendships, which span over 20 years, Rebecca documents their personal journeys in an ever-shifting landscape. She reveals how these women use experiences of living a ‘life in the gap’ to survive the hard reality between desired outcomes and their actual daily lives. In doing so, she offers a completely different picture from that presented by economists and statisticians of what it is like to live in this fluctuating extractive economy.

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[books] The Buddha’s Footprint

Johan Elverskog. The Buddha’s Footprint: An Environmental History of Asia.
buddhas_foot_«In the current popular imagination, Buddhism is often understood to be a religion intrinsically concerned with the environment. The Dharma, the name given to Buddhist teachings by Buddhists, states that all things are interconnected. Therefore, Buddhists are perceived as extending compassion beyond people and animals to include plants and the earth itself out of a concern for the total living environment. In The Buddha’s Footprint, Johan Elverskog contends that only by jettisoning this contemporary image of Buddhism as a purely ascetic and apolitical tradition of contemplation can we see the true nature of the Dharma. According to Elverskog, Buddhism is, in fact, an expansive religious and political system premised on generating wealth through the exploitation of natural resources.
Elverskog surveys the expansion of Buddhism across Asia in the period between 500 BCE and 1500 CE, when Buddhist institutions were built from Iran and Azerbaijan in the west, to Kazakhstan and Siberia in the north, Japan in the east, and Sri Lanka and Indonesia in the south. He examines the prosperity theology at the heart of the Dharma that declared riches to be a sign of good karma and the means by which spritiual status could be elevated through donations bequeathed to Buddhist institutions. He demonstrates how this scriptural tradition propelled Buddhists to seek wealth and power across Asia and to exploit both the people and the environment.

Elverskog shows the ways in which Buddhist expansion not only entailed the displacement of local gods and myths with those of the Dharma—as was the case with Christianity and Islam—but also involved fundamentally transforming earlier social and political structures and networks of economic exchange. The Buddha’s Footprint argues that the institutionalization of the Dharma was intimately connected to agricultural expansion, resource extraction, deforestation, urbanization, and the monumentalization of Buddhism itself.»

[книга] Советское государство и кочевники. История, политика, население

44005157-fedor-sinicyn-sovetskoe-gosudarstvo-i-kochevniki-istoriya-politika-naselenФедор Синицын. Советское государство и кочевники. История, политика, население. 1917 — 1991 гг.

«Россия испокон веков жила бок о бок с кочевыми народами Великой Степи и Севера, постепенно включая в свои границы «кочевые» регионы. Кульминацией этого процесса стала форсированная модернизация «кочевых» территорий, реализованная в Советском Союзе в 1930-е годы. Большинство кочевников практически в одночасье было «посажено на землю». В бескрайних степях выросли города, поселки И колхозы. Многие вчерашние вольные скотоводы стали земледельцами, пошли работать на заводы и шахты. В чем были причины ускоренного, форсированного «привязывания» кочевых народов к земле и каковы исторические результаты этого процесса? На эти и другие вопросы ответит книга доктора исторических наук Ф.Л. Синицына».

[книги] Советско-монгольские экономические связи. 1955–1985 гг.: Сборник документов

ekonomСоветско-монгольские экономические связи. 1955–1985 гг.: Сборник документов. Юрасов А. В. (отв. ред.)

«Сборник документов посвящен советско-монгольским экономическим связям в 1955–1985 гг. — внешней торговле двух стран, сотрудничеству в области сельского хозяйства и транспорта, а также взаимодействию СССР и МНР в рамках СЭВ. Впервые публикуются договоры, соглашения, протоколы, справки, статистические таблицы и другие документы
российских и монгольских архивов, наглядно показывающие, что советская экономическая помощь пронизывала все сферы хозяйственного механизма МНР и явилась основой для модернизации монгольской экономики».

Содержание и некоторые документы (pdf)

[books in French] Le droit mongol, Un savoir‑faire délicat en Mongolie contemporaine

droitFrédéric Constant, “Le droit mongol dans l’État sino-mandchou (1644-1911): Entre autonomie et assimilation” (“Mongolian law in the Sino-Manchu state (1644-1911): Between autonomy and assimilation”).

Partant d’une description complète de la législation impériale promulguée par le gouvernement des Qing pour la Mongolie, l’auteur examine dans ce livre les problèmes nés de l’introduction de cette législation aux Mongols et de l’application de celle-ci. L’étude d’un large éventail de documents juridiques — incluant les codes mongols antérieurs aux Qing, la législation impériale, les règlements administratifs et les jugements rendus à la fois aux niveaux local et central — lui permet d’analyser les interactions entre le droit et diverses questions relatives à l’autonomie locale, au pluralisme juridique, à l’assimilation politique et aux relations entre le centre et la périphérie. L’auteur défend l’idée que les Qing tendirent à mettre en valeur l’approche et les principes du droit chinois lors de l’élaboration de la législation propre aux Mongols. Ils transférèrent progressivement une grande partie de concepts étrangers à la tradition juridique mongole, sinon leur totalité. Malgré les efforts importants mis en œuvre pour contrôler et normaliser l’administration des régions périphé-riques jusqu’à en faire une extension de la Chine intérieure plutôt qu’un protectorat gouverné par l’aristocratie locale, et malgré les effets de l’immigration Han en Mongolie, les principes du droit mongol ne disparurent cependant pas complètement, ainsi qu’en témoignent les jugements rendus par les juges des niveaux inférieurs de l’administration Qing en Mongolie.

bossCharlotte Marchina. La bosse de l’élevage de chameaux. Un savoir‑faire délicat en Mongolie contemporaine.
During the first millennium BCE, the dromedary and, more marginally, the camel began to impose their tall silhouettes on the roads of the Middle East and Egypt. Gathered in two workshops, in Lyon then Nanterre, sixteen archaeologists and historians have tried to assess this camel revolution. From Xinjiang to the Libyan Desert, the increasingly intensive use of the old-world camelids has indeed disrupted the fields of caravan transport but also agriculture, redesigning the trade routes, increasing the export capacities of oases, opening up previously isolated areas. Gradually becoming a critical agent of the economic systems of the desert or semi-desert regions, the camels remain at the same time associated with nomadic populations whose expertise is essential to breed and train these large animals.
…Two articles on the recent fate of the animal and the current practices of camel breeding in Mongolia round off this overview of an animal that is definitely a central one in the history of the regions under consideration.

 

[публикации] Gold Mining, Shamanism, татары, Цеденбал

  • Dulam Bumochir. The State, Popular Mobilisation and Gold Mining in Mongolia. Shaping ‘Neoliberal’ Policies. (download pdf)
  • Judith Hangartner. Margins of Power. The constitution and contestation of Darhad shamans’ power in contemporary Mongolia. Dissertation. (download pdf)
  • Тишин В.В., Нанзатов Б.З. Татары Внутренней Азии VIII–XII вв.: некоторые вопросы исторической географии. (загрузить pdf)

Из старого:

  • Mongolians after Socialism: Politics, Economy, Religion (download pdf).
  • Morten Axel Pedersen. Spirits in Transition. Shamanic Souls and Political Bodies in Northern Mongolia after State Socialism (download pdf)
  • Надиров Ш.Г. Цеденбал. 1984 год. (загрузить pdf)

[books] Along the Silk Roads in Mongol Eurasia

biranAlong the Silk Roads in Mongol Eurasia. Generals, Merchants, and Intellectuals
by Michal Biran (Editor), Jonathan Brack (Editor), Francesca Fiaschetti (Editor).

During the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, Chinggis Khan and his heirs established the largest contiguous empire in the history of the world, extending from Korea to Hungary and from Iraq, Tibet, and Burma to Siberia. Ruling over roughly two thirds of the Old World, the Mongol Empire enabled people, ideas, and objects to traverse immense geographical and cultural boundaries. Along the Silk Roads in Mongol Eurasia reveals the individual stories of three key groups of people—military commanders, merchants, and intellectuals—from across Eurasia. These annotated biographies bring to the fore a compelling picture of the Mongol Empire from a wide range of historical sources in multiple languages, providing important insights into a period unique for its rapid and far-reaching transformations.

Read together or separately, they offer the perfect starting point for any discussion of the Mongol Empire’s impact on China, the Muslim world, and the West and illustrate the scale, diversity, and creativity of the cross-cultural exchange along the continental and maritime Silk Roads.

[публикации] Shaping Urban Futures in Mongolia; бурятские историки о России; биографии примирения; классика онлайн

Новинки:

Классика:

  • Кара Д. Книги монгольских кочевников (семь веков монгольской письменности) (загрузить .pdf)
  • Кычанов Е.И., Савицкий Л.С. Люди и боги Страны снегов. Очерк истории Тибета и его культуры. (загрузить .pdf)
  • Терентьев-Катанский А. П. Материальная культура Си Ся: По данным тангутской лексики и иконографическому материалу. (загрузить .pdf)

[books] In the service of the 13th and 14th Dalai Lama

kashopaJamyang Choegyal Kasho. In the service of the 13th and 14th Dalai Lama: Choegyal Nyima Lhundrup Kashopa — Untold stories of Tibet.
There is probably no personality in modern (pre ’59) Tibetan politics more colourful or controversial than Kashopa Choegyal Nyima. Most major histories of modern Tibet mention him, some like Shakabpa favourably, others like Goldstein in less flattering terms.
In spite of his lengthy and contentious political career Kashopa has, unfortunately, not received more in-depth attention from historians and scholars, which is a pity as he was quite deeply involved in some of the most consequential events of modern Tibetan history: the Lungshar conspiracy, the imprisonment of Gedun Choephel, the Sera War and more. One scholar has gone so far as to note that «Kashopa’s presence is felt in every aspect of Tibet’s recent history».
Kashopa’s son, Jamyang Choegyal, has now come out with a very personal and engaging biography of his famous father, which will definitely contribute to our understanding of that fascinating period in Tibetan history. For the general reader there is much to enjoy in this absorbing story of a politician’s life in old Lhasa, with all its rewards and pitfalls.
(Jamyang Norbu — Exile writer and essayist, and author of The Mandala of Sherlock Holmes, Warriors of Tibet and Shadow Tibet)